Sol-Gel

[Aerogels] [Chemistry] [Drying] [Hybrids] [Bulk] [Powders] [Fibers] [Sensors] [Optics] [Films] [Books]
 

SELECTED PUBLICATIONS and REVIEWS  
of 
Prof. Liliane G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf
Research group 

[Reviews] [Precursor Chemistry (Homometallic)] [Heterometallic ("single-source")] [Sol-Gel Chemistry &Processing] [CVD precursors] [CVD applications] 


TUTORIAL
Toward molecular design of oxide precursors for advanced materials
 


Review papers


R1) "Metal alkoxides for electro-optical ceramics"  "Chemical Processing of Ceramics" Ed. B.I.  Lee and E.J.A. Pope, Dekker (1994), chap 2, 23-57L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF

R2)  Alkoxides as Molecular Precursors of Oxide-based Inorganic Materials: Opportunities for New Materials 
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - New Journal of Chemistry, 1987, 11, 663-675

R3) Synthesis, structural principles and reactivity of heterometallic alkoxides
K.G. CAULTON et L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Chem. Rev. 1990, 90, 969-995

R4) Metal alkoxides and b-diketonates as precursors for oxide and non-oxide thin films 
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Appl. Organometal. Chem., 1992, 6, 627-643.

R5) Mixed-metal alkoxides and oxoalkoxides as intermediates on chemical routes to materials.
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Polyhedron, Symposium-in-print, 1994, 13, 1081.

R6) Toward molecular design of homo and heterometallic precursors of lanthanide oxide-based materials
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, New J. Chem. - 1995, 19, 727- 750

R7) Some aspects of functional homo and heterometallic alkoxides
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J. Coord Chem. Rev. 1998, 178 - 180, 967 - 998

[Back to Top]

 

 


Precursor chemistry for Sol-Gel Homometallic


S1)  Chemistry of yttrium triisopropoxide revisited: synthesis, characterization, and crystal structure of Y5(m5-O)(m3-OR)4(m2-OR)4(OR)5
O. PONCELET, B. SARTAIN, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, K. FOLTING,  K.G.CAULTON - Inorg. Chem. 1989, 28, 263-267.

S2)  Reactivity of a neodymium oxoalkoxide: synthesis, characterization and crystal structure of Nd4(m-OH)2(m-acac)6(acac)4.
O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Polyhedron, 1989, 8, 2183-.

S3)  Alkoxides with polydentate alcohols: Synthesis and molecular structure of [Y(OC2H4OMe)3]10 a hydrocarbon soluble  cyclic decamer
O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN,  R. ASTIER - JCS Chem. Comm. 1989, 1846.

S4)  Unexpected cleavage of acetylacetone induced by its reactivity with Y5O(OiPr)13 : Synthesis and molecular structure of Y2(mOAc)2(acac)4(H2O)2.
O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF,  J.C. DARAN - Polyhedron, 1990, 9, 1305-1310.

S5)  Molecular precursors of bismuth oxide.  Synthesis and structural characterization of [Bi2(m2,n1-OC2H4OMe)2(OC2H4OMe)4]∞ , a ribbon-like  chain.
M.C. MASSIANI, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF,  J.C. DARAN - JCS Chem. Commun., 1990, 301.

S6) Soluble and volatile yttrium and copper alkoxo-acetylacetonato derivatives. Synthesis and crystal structure of Y3(m3,n2-OC2H4OMe)2(m2-OC2H4OMe)2(OC2H4OMe)(acac)4
O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF et J.C. DARAN - Inorg. Chem. 1990, 29, 2883.

S7) Characterization of aluminum isopropoxide and aluminosiloxanes
K. FOLTING, W.E. STREIB, O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF,  K.G. CAULTON - Polyhedron, 1991, 10, 1639-1646

S8) Synthesis, characterization and reactivity of lead(II) alkoxides and oxoalkoxides: condensation to oxoalkoxides as a general structural feature 
M.C. MASSIANI, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Polyhedron, 1991, 10, 1657- 62

S9)  Molecular precursors of alkaline earths: synthesis and molecular structure of [N(C2H4O)(C2H4OH)2]2Ba(EtOH)2. The first structurally characterized Ba alkoxide
O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, L. TOUPET,  J.C. DARAN - Polyhedron, 1991, 10, 2045-50

S10) Synthesis and molecular structure of Cd9(OC2H4OMe)18,2OHC2H4OMe, the first cadmium aggregate based on oxygen donor ligands
S. BOULMAAZ, R. PAPIERNIK,L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN, J. VAISSERMANN - Polyhedron, 1992, 11, 1331-36

S11) Metal alkoxides (M = yttrium, bismuth, copper, cadmium) based on functional alcohols. Some general features of 2-methoxyethoxide derivatives
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, O. PONCELET, R. PAPIERNIK, S. BOULMAAZ , C. SIRIO - Eurogel 91, Elsevier, 1992, 293 - 299

S12) Barium b-diketonate derivatives with aminoalcohols: synthesis , molecular structure and thermal behavior of Ba5(m4-OH)(m3,n2-OCHMeCH2NMe2)4 (thd)5 and of [Ba(m-n2-thd)(n2-thd)(n2-OHCHMeCH2NMe2)]2
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, F. LABRIZE, C. BOIS, J. VAISSERMANN - Polyhedron, 1994, 13, 2163-72.

S13) Metal assisted activation of the C-O bond of 2-hydroxyethylmethacrylate. Molecular structure of Ti5(OiPr)9(m-OiPr)(m,h2-OC2H4O)5
N. PAJOT, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J. VAISSERMANN - JCS Chem. Commun., 1995, 1817-19.

S14) Facile Desolvation of Ce2(OiPr)8(iPrOH)2: Synthesis and Structure of Ce4(m4-O)(m3-OiPr)2(m-OiPr)6(OiPr)6.
C.SIRIO, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. HALUT; Polyhedron, 1997, 16, 1129 -36

S15) Alkoxides with Polymerizable Ligands: Synthesis and Molecular Structure of Nb4(m-O)4(mO2CMe=CH2)4(OiPr)8.
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, V. ABADA, S. HALUT, J. ROZIERE; Polyhedron,  1997, 16, 581-85

S16)Praseodymium oxide precursors; Synthesis, reactivity and molecular structure of [Pr4(m4-O)2(m3,h2-OR)(m,h2-OR)4(m,h1-OR)OR)(OPMe3)]2 R = C2H4OMe".
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, A. BENNACEUR, J.C. DARAN, Polyhedron, 1997, 16, 1223-34

S17) Building of lanthanide oxoalkoxides: Synthesis and molecular structure of Gd6(m4-O)(m3,n2-OR)4(m,n2-OR)6(m,n1-OR2)(OR)4 (R = C2H4OMe)
S. DANIELE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN - Polyhedron, 1995, 15, 1063- 70.

S18) Synthesis and characterization of  new titanium hexanuclear oxo carboxylatoalkoxides. Molecular structure of Ti6(m3-O)6(m-O2CC6H4OPh)6(OEt)6
R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF., J. VAISSERMANN , MC HENRIQUES BAPTISTA GONCALVES, JCS Dalton Trans 1998, 2285 - 87.

S19) Stabilization of metal alkoxide (M = Ba, Cu) by alkanolamines
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, M.C. MASSIANI, J.C. DARAN, J. VAISSERMANN - Better Ceramics through chemistry V, 1992, 271, 135-140.

S20) The quest for soluble Ni(II)  alkoxides: synthesis and characterization of aminoalkoxides
V.G. KESSLER, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf,  J. VAISSERMANN, Polyhedron, 1997, 24, 4197 - 4203

S21) Chemical routes to barium-cerium oxides: the quest for mixed-metal precursors. molecular structure of Ba4Ce2(m6-O)(thd)4(m3-OPri)8(OPri)2
L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, C. SIRIO, C. BOIS, Polyhedron, 1998, 17, 821 - 30

S22) Niobium pinacolate complexes: synthesis and molecular structures of Nb3(m-O)2(m,h2-OCMe2O)2(h2-OCMe2CMe2O)4H and of Nb4(m-O)2(m3-O)2(m,h2-OCMe2CMe2O)2(OPri)8
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, V ABADA,  J. VAISSERMANN, J. ROZIERE, Polyhedron, 1999, 18, 845 - 50

S23) Hydroxyethylmethacrylate as a source of ethyleneglycolate ligands. Synthesis and characterization of Nb4(m,h1,h2-OC2H4O)2(m3,h1,h2-OC2H4O)2(m-OC2H4O)(OPri)10
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, V ABADA, J. VAISSERMANN, JCS Dalton. Trans. , 1999, 2407 - 08

S24) A novel example of self-assembly in lanthanide chemistry: Synthesis and molecular structure of [Na(EtOH)6][Y9(m4-O)2(m3-OH)8(m,h2-MeC(O)CHC(O)OEt)8(h2-MeC(O)CHC(O)OEt)8]
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, N. MIELE-PAJOT, R. PAPIERNIK, J. VAISSERMANN, JCS Dalton. Trans., 1999, 4127-30

S25)  Thermal condensation of lanthanide butoxides. molecular structure of La5(m5-O)(m3-OtBu)4(m-OtBu)4(OtBu)5
S. DANIELE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, P.B. HITCHCOCK, M. LAPPERT
, Inorg. Chem. Commun., 2000, 3/5, 218.

[Back to Top]

 

 


Precursor chemistry for Sol-Gel Heterometallic (“single-source”)


S’1) Lead(II) oxoalkoxides as complex ligands: Synthesis and molecular structure of Pb6O4(OEt)4[Nb(OEt)5]4
R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN,  Y. JEANNIN - JCSChem. Commun. 1990, 965.

S’2) A building block approach to CdNb2O6: synthesis and molecular structure of CdNb2(m-OAc)2(m-OiPr)4(OiPr)6
S. BOULMAAZ, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN,  J. VAISSERMANN - Chem. Mat., 1991, 3, 779- 781

S’3) Reactions between Cu(II) b-diketonates and metal alkoxides as a route to soluble and volatile copper oxide precursors: synthesis and molecular structure of [Cu(m3,n1-OC2H4OiPr)(acac)]4 and of CuAl(acac)(OSiMe3)4
C. SIRIO, O. PONCELET, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN,  J. VAISSERMANN - Polyhedron, 1992, 11, 177-184.

S’4) Activation of lanthanide acetates via heterometallic alkoxides: Synthesis and molecular structure of Gd2Zr6(m4-O)2(OAc)6(m-OiPr)10(OiPr)10
S. DANIELE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN - Polyhedron, 1993, 12, 2091-2096.

S’5) Synthesis and molecular structure of BaNb2(OiPr)12(iPrOH)2: a precursor for Ba-Nb oxide ceramics
S. BOULMAAZ, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN, Eur. J. Solid State Inorg. Chem. - 1993, 30, 583-93.
S’6) Synthesis and molecular structure of Sm4Ti(
m5-O)(m3-OR)(m-OR)6(OR)6  R = iPr: a novel framework for heteronuclear alkoxides with a 1:4 stoichiometry.
S. DANIELE, J.C. DARAN, S. HALUT - Polyhedron, 1994, 13, 927-932.

S’7) Controlling the properties of bulk metal oxides at a molecular level: alkoxides vs carboxylates-alkoxides routes
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, S. BOUMAAZ, R. PAPIERNIK, "Better Ceramic through Chemistry VI" MRS- 1994, 346, 21-27.

S’8) Synthesis and characterization of tantalum-zinc oxoisopropoxides: molecular structure of [ZnTa2(m4-O)(m-O)(m-OiPr)3(OiPr)4]2 containing an unprecedent tantalum oxoalkoxide anion.
S. BOULMAAZ, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. HALUT, J.C. DARAN - J.C.S. Chem. Commun, 1994, 601-602.

S’9) Reactions of coordinated ligands: topological and stoichiometric control for mixed-metal alkoxides. Synthesis and molecular structure of La(tea)2[Nb(OiPr)4]3
V.G. KESSLER, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN, S. HALUT - JCS Chem. Commun., 1994, 705.

S’10) Reactivity of mixed-metal Ba-Cu and Y-Ba b-diketonatoalkoxides with Lewis bases: Molecular structures of Ba2Cu(m3,n2-OCHMeCH2NMe2)2(m,n2-thd)2(n2-thd)2(iPrOH)2,  Cu3(m3-OtBu)2(m-OtBu)(n2-thd)3 and Ba(thd)2(TMEDA)2
F. LABRIZE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J. VAISSERMANN, C. KNOBLER - Polyhedron, 1996, 15, 577-89.

S’11) Synthesis and molecular structure of  Bi4Ba4(m4-O)2(m3-OEt)8(m-OEt)4(h2-thd)4. an example of the formation of a mixed-metal alkoxide assisted by dioxygen
S. PAROLA, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf,  C. BOIS, JCS Dalton Trans, 1998, 737 -39

S’12) Reactions of coordinated alcohol as a route to mixed-metal La-Zn alkoxides:  molecular structure of LaZn3(m-OtBu)6[N(SiMe3)2]3
S. DANIELE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. HALUT, Polyhedron , 1998,  25, 4249 -56

S’13) Activation of bismuth alkoxides: Synthesis and molecular structures of BiTi2(m3-O)(m-OR)4(OR)5 and [Bi2(OR)4(acac)2] (R = Pri)
S. PAROLA, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. JAGNER,  M. HAKANSSON, JCS Dalton Trans, 1997, 23, 4631- 35

S’14) Molecular constitution of solutions of niobium alkoxides and acetates. synthesis, molecular structure and reactivity of MNb2(OAc)2(OPri)10 M = Mg, Cd, Pb
S. BOULMMAZ, R. Papiernik, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, B. SEPTE,  J. VAISSERMANN, J. Mater..Chem 1997, 7, 2053 - 61

S’15) Formation of mixed-metal alkoxides mediated by the reactivity of coordinate pinacol. Synthesis and molecular structures of Ce2Ti2(m3-O)2(m,h2-OCMe2CMe2O)4(OPri)4(PriOH)2 and of Ce2Nb2(m3-O)2(m,h2-OCMe2CMe2O)4(OPri)6
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, V. ABADA, J. VAISSERMANN, Polyhedron, 1999, 18, 3497 - 3504

 

[Back to Top]

 


Sol-Gel chemisty, Processing


 

SG1)  Chemical routes to aluminosilicate gels, glasses and ceramics
J.C. PLOUXVIEL, J.P. BOILOT, A. DAUGER,  L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Better ceramics through chemistry. II., Ed. C.J.Brinker, D.R. Ulrich , D.E. Clark, Elsevier, 1986,73, 269.

SG2)  Low temperature route to lead magnesium niobate
F. CHAPUT, J.P. BOILOT, M. LEJEUNE, R. PAPIERNIK , L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - J. Am. Ceram. Soc. 1989, 72, 1355-57.

SG3) Sol-gel powders for microwave dielectric resonators
O. RENOULT, J.P. BOILOT, F. CHAPUT, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, M. LEJEUNE, Ceramics Today - Tomorrow's Ceramics, Elsevier, 1991, 1991-97.

SG4) Stabilization and characterization of nanosize niobium and tantalum oxide sols. Optical applications for high power lasers
S. PARRAUD, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF,  H. FLOCH - J. Amer. Ceram. Soc. 1992, 77, 2289-2292.

SG5) Sol-gel processing and microwave characteristics of Ba(Mg1/3Ta2/3)O3 dielectrics
O. RENOULT, J.P. BOILOT, F. CHAPUT, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, M. LEJEUNE - J. Amer. Ceram. Soc., 1992, 75, 3337-40.

SG6) Single-source precursors for BaTiO3: Synthesis, characterization of b-diketonatoalkoxides and molecular structure of Ba2Ti2(thd)4(m3-OEt)2(m-OEt)4(OEt)2(EtOH)2
V.G. KESSLER,  L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, A. GLEIZES - Chem. Mater., 1994, 4, 2336-42

SG7) The quest for mixed-metal alkoxides based on zinc: synthesis  and characterization of tantalum-zinc isopropoxide derivatives.
S. BOULMAAZ, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - J. Sol-gel Technol., 1994, 2, 11-15.

SG8) Single-source precursors of lead titanate: Synthesis, molecular structure and reactivity of Pb2Ti2(m4-O)(m3-OiPr)2(m-OiPr)4(OiPr)4
S. DANIELE, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. JAGNER, M. HAKANSSON - Inorg. Chem., 1995, 34, 628-632.

SG9) Molecular design of single source BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 precursors.
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, J.M. DESCAMS , J. VAISSERMANN - J. Sol-gel Tech., 1997, 8, 49-54

SG10)  Solution routes to lead titanate: synthesis, molecular structure and reactivity of the Pb-Ti and Pb-Zr species formed between various lead oxide precursors and titanium or zirconium alkoxides. Molecular structure of Pb2Ti2(m4-O)(OAc)2(OPri)8 and of PbZr3(m4-O)(OAc)2(OPri)8
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, M.C. MASSIANI, R. PAPIERNIK, J.C. DARAN, J. VAISSERMANN, J. Mater. Chem, 1997, 7, 753-762

SG11) Sol-Gel deposited Sb-doped Tin oxide films
M. GUGLIELMI, E. MENEGAZZO, M. PAOLIZZI, G. GASPARRO, D. GANZ, J. PUTZ, M.A. AEGERTER, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, C. PASCUAL, A. DURAN, H.X. WILLEMS, M. VAN BOMMEL, L. BUTTGENBACH , L. COSTA, J. Sol Gel Technol. 1998, 13, 679 - 683

SG12) Synthesis and molecular structure of Ti4(OPri)8(OCH2CH=CHCH2O)4. Application to the elaboration of low density, microcellular materials
N. MIELE-PAJOT, R. PAPIERNIK, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF,  J. VAISSERMANN, J Mater. Chem. 1999, 3027-33

[Back to Top]

 


CVD Precursors


 

C1) Trends in molecular design of precursors for conventional and aerosol-assisted MOCVD of high Tc superconductors
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF and H. GUILLON,  Appl. Organometal.  Chem., 1998, 12, 231- 36

C2) Volatile mixed-metal species: synthesis and molecular structure of BaY2(thd)4[OCH(CF3)2]4.
F. LABRIZE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN - JCS Chem. Commun., 1993, 1556-58.

C3) Synthesis and molecular structure of Ba(OH)[OCH(CF3)2]9(THF)4(H2O): a source of BaF2
H. VINCENT, F. LABRIZE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF - Polyhedron, 1994, 13, 3223-27.

C4) Synthesis and characterization of volatile mixed-metal yttrium-barium, barium-copper and yttrium-copper b-diketonatofluoroisopropoxides. Molecular structure of BaY2(thd)4[OCH(CF3)2]4
F. LABRIZE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J.C. DARAN, S. HALUT -Polyhedron 1996, 15, 2207- 18

C5) Synthesis, characterization and thermal behaviour of calcium and strontium 2,2,6,6-tetramethylheptanedionate complexes. Crystal structure of [Sr2(m,n2-thd)(n2-thd)(n2-MeOC2H4OH)]2
H. GUILLON, L.G. Hubert-Pfalzgraf, J. VAISSERMANN,  Main Group Metal chem.,  1997, 20, 633 - 38

C6) Synthesis and characterization of volatile Cerium(IV) hexafluoroisopropoxide complexes. Structure of [Hpmdien]2Ce(OCH(CF3)2)6
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, V ABADA, J. VAISSERMANN,JCS. Dalton TRans., 1998, 3437 - 41

C7) Synthesis and characterization of Niobium(IV) and Tantalum(V) guanidinates  and benzamidinates. Molecular structure of the first Nb(IV) guanidinate NbCl2[CyNCN(SiMe3)2NCy]2
J.M. DECAMS, LG HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J  VAISSERMANN, Polyhedron,. 1999, 18, 2885 - 90

C8) Interplay between metal aminoalkoxides and b-diketonates: volatile mixed metal-Pr-Cu and Y-Cu species without fluorinated ligands. Molecular structures of [PrCu(h2-thd)3(m,h2-OC2H4NMe2)2] and of [Y2(h2-thd)4(m,h2-OCH(CH2NMe2)2)2]
H. GUILLON, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, J. Vaissermann, Eur. J. Inorg. Chem. 2000, 1243 - 52

C9) Synthesis, characterization and X-Ray structures of yttrium, barium and copper(II) b-ketoesterate complexes
H. GUILLON, S. DANIELE, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, C. BAVOUX, Inorg. Chim. Acta 2000, 304, 99 -107

[Back to Top]

 

 


CVD applications


B1) Volatile mixed-metal Y-Ba and Ba-Cu precursors for MOCVD of high Tc superconductors: a way to improve the transport of Barium ?
L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, F. LABRIZE, H. GUILLON - "Better Ceramic through Chemistry VI" MRS, 1994, 346, 279-284.

B2) Deposition of BaTiO3 layers by direct injection MOCVD
F. WEISS, J.P. SENATEUR, B. PLOSS, B. PLOSS, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, XIV International Conf. on CVD and EURO-CVD 11, 1997, vol. PV.p 97-25,  Ed. M.D. Allendorf, C. Bernard, Electrochem. Soc. Proc. , Pennington NG 97

B3) Microstructure of BaTiO3 and SrTiO3 layers obtained by injection MOVCVD
J. LINDNER, F. WEISS, J.P. SENATEUR, B. PLOSS, L.G. HUBERT-PFALZGRAF, S. DANIELE, J. Phys. IV, France, 1998, 8, 247 - 250

Back to research group publication list

[Back to Top]

 

 

Designed by M. Prassas and maintained by the worldwide Sol-Gel community.
Copyright © 2000-2003, SolGel.com All rights reserved
Disclaimer